About the book
Human activities cause the degradation of innumerable ecosystems, from which forest degradation leads to far-reaching nutrient cycles changes through all environments. Reversible or irreversible degradation processes cause ecosystem self-regulation to decline. While reversible processes tend to a structural simplification and native forest biodiversity decrease under preservation of the ecosystem abiotic components, irreversible processes alter the character of Potential natural vegetation. The potential natural vegetation can be altered due to climate change, acidification, eutrophication, and soil erosion predominantly. Subsequent secondary ecosystems already affect global change processes in an uncertain way. The book aims to collect contributions on irreversible degradation processes and their multiple impacts on forests worldwide.