About the book
Concrete is a major material used widely in building and construction applications worldwide; hence, it plays a significant role in the global construction sector. Usually, more than two-thirds of the concrete consists of aggregates used as filler additives; these aggregates are generally natural components blended with cement. Cement is a major component of concrete and a key mechanical property of specific applications of concrete. In construction applications, cement present solely or as a composite with other materials to improve the workability, durability, strength, weight, and shrinkage. Sand is the most prevalent material used as filler composition of mortar and concrete; it can reduce the pores and voids of concrete in presence of other large aggregates.
To preserve the environment and consequently to save human health, great efforts and several studies were made to use sustainable techniques for the production of eco-friendly concrete. Industrial or municipal wastes were incorporated in concrete to conserve natural resources, reduce the cost of building materials, and eliminate the risk of the harmful impact of this waste.
Several materials, including the virgin and recycled types, have been utilized extensively as additive material with cement for achieving more favorable utilities and concrete of high compressive strength.