Part of the book: Metal, Ceramic and Polymeric Composites for Various Uses
Titanium nickel (Ti-Ni) alloys with low nickel (Ni) content can be used as biomaterials because they improve the mechanical properties, corrosion, and wear resistance of commercially pure titanium (Cp-Ti). Among the mechanical properties of a biomaterial, elastic modulus and microhardness are very important, and each varies according to the microstructure and interstitial elements such as oxygen and nitrogen as well as the amount of substitutional element and thermomechanical processing. Heat treatments are used to obtain a homogeneous microstructure, free of internal stresses structural, microstructural, also to retain or change the size of the phases. In this chapter, the preparation, chemical, structural, and microstructural, and mechanical characterization of Ti-Ni alloys are presented. The structural and microstructural characterization showed the predominant presence of α and Ti2Ni phases. There is no clear variation of the microhardness due to the amount of nickel. The dynamic elastic modulus was slightly above the Cp-Ti due to the addition of a new intermetallic phase (Ti2Ni) but did not vary significantly with the amount of Ni.