Mathematical models and synthetic gene circuits are powerful tools to develop novel treatments for patients with drug-resistant infections and cancers. Mathematical modeling guides the rational design of synthetic gene circuits. These systems are then assembled into unified constructs from existing and/or modified genetic components from a range of organisms. In this chapter, we describe modeling tools for the design and characterization of chemical- and light-inducible synthetic gene circuits in different organisms and highlight how synthetic gene circuits are advancing biomedical research. Specifically, we demonstrate how these quantitative model systems are being used to study drug resistance in microbes and to probe the spatial–temporal dimensions of cancer in mammalian cells.
Part of the book: Synthetic Genomics