Face images with partially-occluded areas create huge deteriorated problems for face recognition systems. Linear regression classification (LRC) is a simple and powerful approach for face recognition, of course, it cannot perform well under occlusion situations as well. By segmenting the face image into small subfaces, called modules, the LRC system could achieve some improvements by selecting the best non-occluded module for face classification. However, the recognition performance will be deteriorated due to the usage of the module, a small portion of the face image. We could further enhance the performance if we can properly identify the occluded modules and utilize all the non-occluded modules as many as possible. In this chapter, we first analyze the texture histogram (TH) of the module and then use the HT difference to measure its occlusion tendency. Thus, based on TH difference, we suggest a general concept of the weighted module face recognition to solve the occlusion problem. Thus, the weighted module linear regression classification method, called WMLRC-TH, is proposed for partially-occluded fact recognition. To evaluate the performances, the proposed WMLRC-TH method, which is tested on AR and FRGC2.0 face databases with several synthesized occlusions, is compared to the well-known face recognition methods and other robust face recognition methods. Experimental results show that the proposed method achieves the best performance for recognize occluded faces. Due to its simplicity in both training and testing phases, a face recognition system based on the WMLRC-TH method is realized on Android phones for fast recognition of occluded faces.
Part of the book: Digital Image Processing Applications