This study explores empirical data on the orientation of CSR practices to SMEs in City Surakarta seen from CSR practices that are employee, market, and environment-oriented as a whole. The sample in this study was 90 SMEs in the Surakarta area. The method used in this research is a survey with data analysis using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Before the survey, a pilot study was conducted on 10 SMEs actors to test the instrument’s validity and reliability. The results showed that the most dominant CSR practices at SMEs in City Surakarta were the community orientation indicated by the rotated component matrix table of 0.904 and the market orientation indicated by the rotated component matrix table of 0.876. Both orientations are more dominant than other orientations.
Part of the book: Elaeis guineensis