The dumping of the mining tailings dam from Mariana, Brazil released about 34 million mining tailings in the Doce river basin, containing many toxic metals. The biomasses of banana and rice were used as adsorbents in the removal of Cu (II) and Pb (II) metals from contaminated water. Quantification of metals was performed using NexION 300D PerkinElmer (USA) ICP-MS. The pH effect studies indicated that the adsorption analyzed in the present work did not undergo significant changes with the variation of the pH values, thus for both banana and rice the best adsorption capacity of Cu (II), 34.11 mg g−1 and 34.37 mg g−1, was at pH 5. For Pb (II), the highest adsorption capacity was also at pH 5 with 36.06 mg g−1 for banana and 36.04 mg g−1 for rice. There was a rapid adsorption where, in all cases in the first 30 minutes of adsorption, more than 60% of the metals had already been adsorbed. Finally, tests were carried out using real samples from Doce river contaminated by the metals under study due to the Mariana disaster. The biomasses presented excellent performance in Cu (II) and Pb (II) removal, reaching concentrations close to zero after adsorption process.
Part of the book: Water Quality