The human body has many mechanisms to resist invaders like pathogenic bacteria to avoid harm according to the living creature’s law “survival for the best”. On the opposite; Salmonella as pathogenic bacteria have many weapons that they utilize to invade the human body. The resistance mechanisms expressed by the human body are called immunity which represented by the immune system that has many different types of resistance processes, either specific (adaptive immune response) or non-specific (Innate Immune Response) against certain pathogenic invaders. As far as these processes are strong they will be enough to avoid infections occurrence, otherwise, the human body will get infected with Salmonella, be ill, show the disease symptoms, transmit the disease to others, and may become a carrier for the pathogen according to many circumstances. Prevention is still stood the most effective way to avoid getting infected with Salmonella by personal hygiene or suitable vaccination if available.
Part of the book: Salmonella spp