The objective of Intelligent transportation system (ITS) and related National highway traffic safety administration (NHTSA) is to improve vehicle safety and reduce accidents, injuries, and deaths. Advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) is making a difference in vehicle safety. The objective of ADAS is to provide a continuous picture environment surrounding the vehicle. This vision around the vehicle is seen by the driver to take the decision. Vehicular communication is a part of Intelligent Transport System which provides an intelligent way of transport to avoid accidents. As the transportation moves towards environment of connected and autonomous vehicles, the role of communication and data transfer becomes important. Connected vehicles can be used for both infotainment and navigation for vehicle safety. Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication allows vehicles to talk to each other and exchange data about location, direction of travel, speed, brake, accelerator status, and other facts. This information is analyzed and used to avoid collision. C-V2X (Cellular-Vehicle-to-Everything) can provide better quality of service support, large coverage, and high data rate for moving vehicles. Device-to-device (D2D) communication in C-V2X provides high reliability and low latency. In 5G Rel.16 C-V2X will become an integral part of 5G cellular network providing higher capacity, coverage, etc. Today old aged/disabled person look for driving technology that is convenient and easy to use. V2X technology will offset some of the concerns about old aged/disabled driver’s abilities to respond quickly to challenge by driving environment as they no longer be required to handle most of the decisions.
Part of the book: Self-Driving Vehicles and Enabling Technologies