In this study, it is aimed to perform a COMSOL analysis of the inertial measurement unit (IMU), which is a sensor based on a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) in an inertial navigation system (INS). Autonomous vehicles are the types of vehicles that can go on the move without the intervention of the driver by detecting the road, traffic flow, and environment without the need of a driver, thanks to its automatic control systems, software algorithms, and intelligent sensor structures. Autonomous vehicles can detect objects around them using technologies and techniques such as radio detection and ranging (RADAR), light imaging detection and ranging (LIDAR), Global Positioning System (GPS), INS, ultrasonic sensors, camera systems, and computer vision. After providing information about the use of IMU sensors in autonomous vehicles, the finite element analysis of the gyroscope sensor by the COMSOL program was performed in this study.
Part of the book: Autonomous Vehicle and Smart Traffic