This chapter presents an iterative smoothing technique for polygonal approximation of digital image boundary. The technique starts with finest initial segmentation points of a curve. The contribution of initially segmented points toward preserving the original shape of the image boundary is determined by computing the significant measure of every initial segmentation point that is sensitive to sharp turns, which may be missed easily when conventional significant measures are used for detecting dominant points. The proposed method differentiates between the situations when a point on the curve between two points on a curve projects directly upon the line segment or beyond this line segment. It not only identifies these situations but also computes its significant contribution for these situations differently. This situation-specific treatment allows preservation of points with high curvature even as revised set of dominant points are derived. Moreover, the technique may find its application in parallel manipulators in detecting target boundary of an image with varying scale. The experimental results show that the proposed technique competes well with the state-of-the-art techniques.
Part of the book: Automation and Control