Spin-orbit torque magnetic random-access memory (SOT-MRAM) has shown promising potential to realize reliable, high-speed and energy-efficient on-chip memory. However, conventional SOT-MRAM requires two access transistors per cell. This limits the use of conventional SOT-MRAM in high-density memories. Thus, various architectures in the literature have been proposed to improve the area efficiency of the SOT-MRAM. In this chapter, these proposals are divided into two categories: non-diode-based SOT-MRAM and diode-based SOT-MRAM cells. The non-diode-based proposals may result in a 1-bit effective area saving up to 50% compared to the conventional SOT-MRAM, whereas the diode-based designs may result in 1-bit effective area-saving of up to 75%. However, the area saving may be accompanied by higher energy and reliability issue penalties. Therefore, here, the various proposals in the literature are presented, highlighting the pros and cons of each design. Moreover, the technology requirements to realize these proposals are discussed. Finally, the various designs are evaluated from both cell and system level perspectives.
Part of the book: Integrated Circuits/Microchips