The wind turbine blade is a critical component of any wind energy system. Its design, testing, and performance monitoring play a key role in power generation. With the increased use of composites and longer blades, a need to review existing monitoring sensors and use emergent novel ones is urgent among industry practitioners. In addition, an overview relating blade testing to Campbell diagrams and non-contact sensors have not been addressed as part of blade optimization. Based on design loads under IEC 61400-23 standards, the chapter explores various contact and non-contact sensors for design validation as well as their exploratory use in a three-tier structural health monitoring (SHM) framework for blade’s operational performance monitoring. The chapter also includes a case study in the non-contact use of ground-based radar (GBR) in the optimal design of blades and real-time in-field monitoring using condition parameters. Lastly, the chapter addresses the lack of practical guidelines in the complementary use of GBR within a 3-tier SHM framework. Such use has the intent of building a cohesive understanding of GBR use for blade optimization and operational monitoring.
Part of the book: Design Optimization of Wind Energy Conversion Systems with Applications