A mixture of fly ash and sodium hydroxide was calcined, which converted mullite (3Al2O3·2SiO2), the high-temperature stability phase containing silicon and aluminum oxides, and quartz into activated silica alumina phase, and they were dissolved by concentrated NaOH solution into soluble SiO32− and AlO2−. The insoluble impurities including Fe2O3, FeO, CaO, and CaSO4 were filtered out. Experiment results show the optimum experimental conditions for the dissolution: temperature is 60°C, 15% NaOH solution is used, liquid–solid mass ratio is 11:1, stirring time is 3 h, and about 78.9% of silicon and 78.1% of aluminum are dissolved. The obtained pure silicon aluminum solution provides the raw material for preparing high-purity molecular sieves, and Fe2O3 content of the prepared P-type molecular sieve is only 0.25%, and the CaO content is only 0.066%. The paper provided a viable method to remove Fe, Ca, etc. in mineral thoroughly.
Part of the book: Advances in Microporous and Mesoporous Materials