The natural clinoptilolite zeolite has been modified by acid leaching with HNO3 in order to obtain economic material for supporting NiMoS hydrotreating catalysts. The most optimized zeolite material was obtained by leaching with HNO3 at 80°C during 24 h. The bimetallic NiMo catalysts prepared by wet impregnation of a zeolite support, followed by calcination and sulfidation, were characterized by several physico-chemical techniques and tested in the hydrodesulfurization (HDS) of 3-methyl-thiophene (3-MT) model feed at atmospheric H2 pressure and T = 280°C. For all catalysts, the 3-MT transformation mainly occurs via direct desulfurization reaction route being diminished the catalyst hydrogenation function. This was linked with the formation of highly stacked layers of MoS2 particles having a low amount of “brim sites,” as demonstrated by HRTEM. The cause of the best performance of Ni-Mo(H)/Z-1 sulfide catalyst in the HDS of 3-MT can be the presence of K+ impurities on the support surface which forces the formation of highly stacked layers of MoS2 particles.
Part of the book: Advances in Microporous and Mesoporous Materials