Cleft lip and palate patients often exhibit severe dentofacial deformities that necessitate orthognathic surgery. Orthognathic surgery in these patients generally includes not only maxillary advancement, but also sagittal, horizontal, and vertical movement of both jaws. Surgical planning and execution presents many difficulties, caused by the presence of extensive scar tissues from previous surgeries, tissue deficiencies, the difficulty of aligning multiple segments of bone and soft tissues. Other challenges in cleft patients are complications related to post-surgical airway, speech, velopharyngeal insufficiency, nerve damage, and infections. This review is focused on orthognathic surgery in cleft lip and palate patients, management, techniques, success, and complications.
Part of the book: Current Treatment of Cleft Lip and Palate