This chapter consists of four sections; Introduction, Boundary and initial conditions, Setting of nonuniformly spaced grid, and Simulation approach. The fields of the fluctuating velocity describe the turbulent flows. Such fluctuations blend the transported quantities, like species concentration, energy, and momentum and make the transported quantity fluctuations in addition. Because such fluctuations have a small scale and high frequency, so they are very computationally costly for simulation straightforward in the virtual engineering computations. Alternatively, the instantaneous accurate governing equations can be time-averaged, ensemble-averaged, or in different way handled for removing the small scales, causing a modified group of equations, which are computationally less costly for solving.
Part of the book: Direct Numerical Simulations