Empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is a remarkable method for the analysis of nonlinear and non-stationary data. EMD will breakdown the given signal into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs), which can represent natural signals effectively. In this work, the competence of EMD with traditional features to classify the seizure and non-seizure EEG signals is studied. Due to the complex nature of human brain, the EEG signals which are recorded from different regions of brain are non-stationary in nature. Different features such as entropy features (approximate entropy (ApEn), sample entropy (SmEn), Shannon entropy (ShEn), Rényi entropy (RnEn)), fractal dimension features (Petrosian fractal dimension, Higuchi fractal dimension, Katz fractal dimension), statistical features (mean, standard deviation and energy) and exponential energy features are extracted from IMFs and fed to a SVM classifier. The performances of extracted features are studied independently. The result shows that, the EMD method is well suited for complex seizure EEG signal classification.
Part of the book: Advances in Neural Signal Processing