The hole-drilling Strain-Gage method is a widely used and cost-effective technique for the evaluation of residual stresses. The test method is standardized by ASTM E837-13a, which defines the scope, measurement range, minimum requirements of instrumentation, test procedure, and algorithms and coefficients for the computation of uniform and non-uniform stress distribution. However, the standardized test method presents some limitations regarding the scope and measurement range; moreover, some typical errors involved in the measurements are not taken into account, i.e., errors due to the hole eccentricity, the local plasticity, the intermediate thickness, and the hole-bottom chamfer, which can affect the results in some cases. Also, the standard does not provide the user with a complete guide regarding the evaluation of the uncertainty connected with this type of measurement. The paper presents a more general approach that allows the correction of some errors and overcomes and some limitations of the ASTM E837-13a test method, contributing to greater accuracy of the test results.
Part of the book: New Challenges in Residual Stress Measurements and Evaluation