Gout is a form of arthritis in an individual accompanied with symptoms like severe pain, stiffness, and swelling of one or more joints. Factors that influence rates of gout are many like drinking alcohol, being overweight, drinking soda, becoming dehydrated, the weather, poorly fitting shoes, medical treatments, and many more. The root cause of this condition mainly we can say is the disorder of purine metabolism. There are diagnostic options like synovial fluid test, blood test for uric acid, and differential diagnosis. Preventive measures can include both lifestyle changes and medications. In a recent trend, many treatment options are available like the use of NSAIDs, colchicine, steroids, etc. Common drugs which are on use are probenecid, allopurinol, febuxostat, and pegloticase. Our medical fraternity and researchers are continuing to work on further development.
Part of the book: Recent Advances in Gout