Wall materials play a vital role in the development of micro-/nanocapsules to protect the bioactive compounds against external factors. The encapsulation process and the type of polymers exert a direct impact on the development of bioactive micro-/nanocapsules, which greatly reflect in encapsulation efficiency, solubility, stability, surface permeability, and release profile of desired bioactive compounds. Among the polymers, biodegradable polymeric materials have been the focus for various applications in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries. Thus, this chapter focuses on different encapsulation techniques and the importance of biodegradable polymers employed as wall materials for developing stable and safe micro-/nanocapsules. Among the natural polymers, protein- and polysaccharide-based polymers are widely used. Similarly, the most commonly used synthetic polymers are polycaprolactone, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid), and polyethylene glycol. Synthetic polymers have been classified based on their exogenous and endogenous responsive natures. At the end, we have also discussed on the applications of biodegradable polymers employed in the development of micro-/nanocapsules. To compile this chapter and to provide adequate information to the readers, we have explored various sources, such as reviews, research articles, books, and book chapters including Google sites.
Part of the book: Microencapsulation