Part of the book: New Trends and Developments in Biometrics
This chapter deals with the recognition of features contained within the human eye, namely the iris and retina. The great advantage is that both the iris and retina contain a large amount of information, that is, they can be used for a larger group of users. The disadvantage, on the other hand, is the fear from users in regard to possible eye injury. Both of these features cannot be easily acquired and misused to cheat a biometric system. This chapter also explains how to capture and process these two biometric characteristics. However, the number of biometric industrial solutions dealing with retina recognition is very limited—it is practically not possible to find an available biometric device for identity recognition on the market based on this biometric characteristic.
Part of the book: Machine Learning and Biometrics
Recognition of people on the basis of biometric characteristics has been known for many centuries. One of the most used biometric features is fingerprint. Recently, we have also come across the iris pattern more often. Retinal recognition offers similarly reliable mechanisms, but they are not yet well explored. Our procedure for obtaining a biometric pattern is partly based on fingerprints. In comparison with fingerprints, retinal recognition identifies bifurcations or optical crossings, i.e., instead of papillary lines, the vessels are used. The procedure is more complicated due to the multiple layers in which the blood vessels intersect. Our work deals with determining the probabilities for various areas of the retina in which bifurcation and crossing occur. It also describes how recognition can be affected by various diseases.
Part of the book: Applications of Pattern Recognition