The goal of this paper is to demonstrate feasibility of a concept of mobile computing to help users to reach and maintain metabolic health. For this purpose, we analyze data from 12 clinical studies with a total of 39 study arms from the international literature to show that insulin resistance measured by HOMA-IR could be followed and its changes could be predicted using our weight-fat mass-energy balance calculations taking advantage of the significant and strong correlation between changes of HOMA-IR and state variables of the energy metabolism like changes of weight, fat mass, R-ratio, Rw-ratio, and fat burning fraction of the energy production. We introduce here our extended weight-fat mass-energy balance calculation to assess de novo lipogenesis, adaptive thermogenesis, and the 24-hour nonprotein respiratory quotient. We show how we can analyze and predict individualized state variables of the metabolism, which serve as metrics for the quantification of the interrelationship between energy metabolism and insulin resistance facilitating management and self-management of insulin-resistance related conditions including obesity, fatty liver, prediabetes, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. The feedback of individualized metrics using tools of the digital health era may amount to channeling focus also to patient-centered individualized care and to accelerating nutrition research.
Part of the book: Mobile Computing