The present work deals with the experimental study on rehabilitation of damaged steel pipes. The process of rehabilitation was done by using adhesive bonded CFRP patch on damaged sites of the pipes with the help of vacuum bagging set-up. The reference optimal parameters to rehabilitate the damaged pipes were considered from the tensile test (tensile shear load) conducted on plates. The rehabilitated pipes were tested under hydrostatic pressure. The two-component structural adhesive (Araldite AW105 and Hardener HV 953U) used in this study has high viscosity. It is not desirable for CFRP composite making and may lead to improper penetration of adhesive through open pores of the adherent surface. The viscosity of the adhesive was reduced in two ways: addition of a low viscous two-component nonstructural adhesive (Araldite LY-1564 and Aradur-22962) and heating the adhesive. Vacuum pressure, bond length and pre-bond surface preparation of the adherents were considered as parameters to evaluate the bond strength. The roughness of different samples was studied using a 3D microscope. The surface morphology of adherent was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Based on the experimental studies, it is observed that the optimal conditions of the tensile data of the plates hold good for the rehabilitated pipe under hydrostatic loading.
Part of the book: Adhesives and Adhesive Joints in Industry Applications
A methodology for identify damage in the fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composite has been proposed in this article. The Lamb wave dispersion theory was used to find the fitted peak frequency and loss less finite element model was used to find the modal frequencies in the composite laminates. The change in modal parameters with respect to undamaged and damaged specimen has been considered for the structural diagnosis. The combined finite element and Lamb wave method has been used to obtain damping parameters. The damping capacity was calculated at higher frequency and smaller amplitudes by using hybrid method. The Lamb waves were generated using ultrasonic pulse generator setup. The proposed method was implemented on FRP laminates (CFRP and GFRP) and the results were compared with bandwidth method.
Part of the book: Composite and Nanocomposite Materials