This study applies Bayesian graphical networks (BGN) using Bayesian graphical vector autoregressive (BGVAR) model with efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) Metropolis-Hastings (M-H) sampling algorithm in a dynamic interaction among monetary policies and macroeconomic performances in Nigeria for the period of 1986Q1–2017Q4. The motivation stems from the instability in the movement of exchange rate, inflation rate and interest rate in Nigeria over the past years as a result of the structure of the economy. In this way, the monetary authority periodically applies the various policy instruments to stabilize the economy using reserve and money supply as at when due. This study adapts VAR and SVAR structure to examine the dynamic interaction among variables of interest, using BN, to provide a better understanding of the monetary policy dynamics and fit the changing structure of the Nigeria’s economy as regards the dynamics in her economic structure. Our results show that inflation is the strong predictor of interest rate in Nigeria. A monetary policy of broad inflation targeting is recommended for the country.
Part of the book: Bayesian Networks
This present study examines the volatility effects of the oil price on the stock price returns in Nigeria from the period of 2000M(12) to 2020M(4) on a monthly data using both standard GARCH and non-linear GARCH models. The motivation for the present study is the recent fall in the global oil price of Brent Crude to US$15.25 per barrel due to the outbreak of the Corona Virus (COVID-19). Consequentially, the Nigerian stock market (NSE) responded with a fall of 4172 point or by a fall of 15.53%. After establishing the presence of heteroscedasticity through the ARCH test and volatility clustering through the returns, the outcome of the study contributes to knowledge by providing financial information and signals to investors about the best GARCH model response to proactively and successfully use to model global oil price shocks so as to reduce financial risk in Nigeria’s stock market.
Part of the book: Linear and Non-Linear Financial Econometrics