Mountain forest monitoring is closely related to the survey of bryophyte species since it is there that these organisms are common and show very specialized ecological niches. This work is aimed to show how bryophyte richness and taxonomic and ecological categories differ in the various types of indigenous forests in the Southern Ural Mountains. The distribution of bryophytes in mountain forests of the Southern Urals was examined at about 1700 sample plots. Frequency and abundance patterns suggested that species richness, taxonomic distribution, and substrate group distribution are mostly determined by the forest type. According of bryological data, the forest associations characterized by high diversity and concentration of rare species were identified. This is mainly tall herb spruce-fir and mixed forests. The proportion of rare species in these forests is about 9%, including a significant number relicts both of European and Asian origins. The sites of these forests are most valuable for nature conservation and should be protected.
Part of the book: Bryophytes