The security assessment of power systems represents one of the principal studies that must be carried out in energy control centers. In this context, small-signal stability analysis is very important to determine the corresponding control strategies to improve security under stressed operating conditions of power systems. This chapter details a practical approach for assessing the stability of power system’s equilibrium points in real time based on the concept of trajectory sensitivity theory. This approach provides complementary information to that given by selective modal analysis: it determines how the state variables linked with the critical eigenvalues are affected by the system’s parameters and also determines the way of judging how the system’s parameters affect the oscillatory behavior of a power system. The WSCC 9-bus and a 190-buses equivalent system of the Mexican power system are used to demonstrate the generality of the approach as well as how its application in energy management systems is suitable for power system operation and control.
Part of the book: Power System Stability