The Pyralidae insects are one of the main pests in economic crops. However, the manual detection and identification of Pyralidae insects are labor intensive and inefficient, and subjective factors can influence recognition accuracy. To address these shortcomings, an insect monitoring robot and a new method to recognize the Pyralidae insects are presented in this chapter. Firstly, the robot gets images by performing a fixed action and detects whether there are Pyralidae insects in the images. The recognition method obtains the total probability image by using reverse mapping of histogram and multi-template images, and then image contour can be extracted quickly and accurately by using constraint Otsu. Finally, according to the Hu moment characters, perimeter, and area characters, the contours can be filtrated, and recognition results with triangle mark can be obtained. According to the recognition results, the speed of the robot car and mechanical arm can be adjusted adaptively. The theoretical analysis and experimental results show that the proposed scheme has high timeliness and high recognition accuracy in the natural planting scene.
Part of the book: Agricultural Robots