The flame retardant efficiency of polymer nanocomposites is highly dependent on the dispersion of the nano-fillers within the polymer matrix. In order to control the filler dispersion, it is very essential to explore the interfacial compatibility between fillers and matrices, which provides a guide for the flame retardant nanocomposites compounding. In this short review, we mainly focus on the thermoplastic polymers and their interactions with the surfaces of the flame retardant fillers. Other physical properties of those nanocomposites such as mechanical properties, gas permeability, rheological performance and thermal conductivity are also briefly reviewed along with the flame retardancy, since they are all dispersion related.
Part of the book: Flame Retardants