With increasing wind energy penetration and impending grid codes, it is important to enable wind-based power plants to provide sensitive frequency response in grids that may experience irregular frequency fluctuations with noise induced. Transient low-frequency deviations are handled by inertial control, while active power frequency response controller is needed for high-frequency control. A frequency processor-based frequency-active power set point controller architecture for variable speed wind turbine generator (VSWTG) is presented in this paper. Grid frequency processor based on moving averaged frequency and dynamic dead-band is tested for two different grid codes. Generated active power set point is provided to a modified torque-pitch control loop in type 3 and type 4 variable speed wind turbine generator generic models. Delay model of hydro system in a single area load frequency control is applied to investigate frequency support from proposed frequency response controller-based VSWTG. Area frequency response along with VSWTG electrical power support is compared with other droop-based VSWTG model to establish the superiority of proposed frequency-active power controller-based VSWTG over other droop-based VSWTG models.
Part of the book: Advances in Modelling and Control of Wind and Hydrogenerators