In many cancer cells, p53 gene is mutated and accumulated, which is considered as a mechanistical target of tumorigenesis. The role of p53 in non-cancerous cells has been focused on, since p53 activation diversely affects as human diseases, including vascular dysfunctions. p53 regulates vascular events, including vascular inflammation and senescence as well as cardiac dysfunction. Many researchers also have paid attention to the role of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), especially small-sized microRNAs (miRNAs) for the last decade and their noble biological cellular functions have been discovered. miRNAs expressed in endothelial cells (endothelial miRNAs) have been shown to control vascular events. Firstly, the importance of p53 in a variety of vascular events, such as vascular inflammation and senescence, are summarized. Secondly, the way to regulate miRNAs by p53 and the involvement of miRNAs on p53 function are demonstrated. Finally, several endothelial miRNAs that have important roles are focused on. The aim of this chapter is to understand the role of p53 in vascular diseases in the view of endothelial cell biology and the contribution of miRNAs related to p53.
Part of the book: Vasculitis In Practice