In this chapter, we provide the historical background and overview of perovskite-structured photovoltaic materials. The organolead halide perovskite-structured solar cell is considered as one of the most promising photovoltaic technologies due to its rapid progress in power conversion efficiency. However, the existence of lead in perovskite-structured photovoltaic materials raises toxicological and environmental issues. Therefore, many scientists focused on discovering new materials that can replace the lead and improve photovoltaic performance. There are still some issues to be overcome before commercialization of perovskite-structured photovoltaic materials. The fast degradation phenomenon under humidity or constant irradiation is one such issue. The hysteresis phenomena could cause inaccurate estimation of power conversion efficiency. The choice of selective contact also plays an important role in obtaining high performance device. Therefore, the interaction between each layer should be considered. Overall, we reported on state-of-the-art perovskite-structured photovoltaic materials and discussed the essential factor for fabricating high-performance perovskite-structured solar cells.
Part of the book: Solar Panels and Photovoltaic Materials