Heavy metal-contaminated soil and water is a major environmental issue in the mining areas. However, as the heavy metals migrate frequently, the traditional method of estimating the soil’s heavy metal content by field sampling and laboratory chemical analysis followed by interpolation is time-consuming and expensive. This chapter intends to use field hyperspectra to estimate the heavy metals in the soil in Bai-ma, De-sheng and YuanBaoshan mining areas, Miyi County, Sichuan Province. By analyzing the spectra of soil, the spectral features derived from the spectra of the soils can be found to build the models between these features and the contents of Mn and Co in the soil by using the linear regression method. The spectral features of Mn are 2142 and 2296 nm. The spectral features of Co are 1918, 1922 and 2205 nm. With these feature spectra, the best models to estimate the heavy metals in the study area can be built according to the maximal determination coefficients (R2). The determination coefficients (R2) of the models of retrieving Mn and Co in the soil are 0.645 and 0.8, respectively. The model significant indexes of Mn and Co are 2.04507E-05 and 7.73E-06. These results show that it is feasible to predict contaminated heavy metals in the soils during mining activities for soil remediation and ecological restoration by using the rapid and cost-effective field spectroscopy.
Part of the book: Heavy Metals