This chapter develops a sliding-mode perturbation observer-based sliding-mode control (POSMC) scheme for voltage source converter-based high voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC) systems. The combinatorial effect of nonlinearities, parameter uncertainties, unmodeled dynamics, and time-varying external disturbances is aggregated into a perturbation, which is estimated online by a sliding-mode state and perturbation observer (SMSPO). POSMC does not require an accurate VSC-HVDC system model and only the reactive power and DC voltage at the rectifier side while reactive and active powers at the inverter side need to be measured. Additionally, a considerable robustness can be provided through the real-time compensation of the perturbation, in which the upper bound of perturbation is replaced by the real-time estimation of the perturbation, such that the over-conservativeness of conventional sliding-mode control (SMC) can be effectively reduced. Four case studies are carried out on the VSC-HVDC system, such as active and reactive power tracking, AC bus fault, system parameter uncertainties, and weak AC gird connection. Simulation results verify its advantages over vector control and feedback linearization sliding-mode control. Then, a dSPACE-based hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) test is undertaken to validate the implementation feasibility of the proposed approach.
Part of the book: Perturbation Methods with Applications in Science and Engineering