The wind turbines based Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) is not able to support the voltage and the frequency of the grid during and immediately following the grid failure. This would cause major problems for the systems stability, but the turbines should stay connected to the grid in case of a failure. This can be achieved by using crowbar protection in particularly during voltage dips. When low depth voltage dips occur, the necessity of crowbar protection can be eliminated by using proposed Direct Torque Control (DTC), with a proper rotor flux generation strategy, by which during the fault it will be possible to maintain the machine connected to grid, generating power from the wind, reducing the stator and rotor over currents, eliminating the torque oscillations that normally produce such voltage dips and fast dynamic response accompanies the overall control of the wind turbine. In this chapter, the DFIG performance is analyzed and the results are presented for with proposed control strategy with and without voltage dip, without control strategy with voltage dip, and control strategy during longer voltage dip.
Part of the book: Optimization and Control of Electrical Machines
The main drawback of Direct Torque Control (DTC) or Direct Power Control (DPC) is non-constant switching frequency; this drawback can be eliminated by employing predictive DTC. The predictive DTC technique is employed without much complicated online calculations by simply implementing constant switching times for active rotor voltage vectors to reduce torque and flux ripples and achieve constant switching frequency. The predictive DTC strategy has been implemented for RSC of Doubly Fed Induction Machine (DFIM). The performance of the proposed control methodology is compared with the classical DTC method under various operating conditions such as step change in torque, continuous variation of torque command, and the performance of DFIM near synchronous speed. It is found that the performance of the proposed predictive DTC strategy of DFIM is quite good compared to classical DTC strategy.
Part of the book: Direct Torque Control Strategies of Electrical Machines