Laser remanufacturing is an advanced repairing method to remanufacture damaged parts based on laser processing, such as laser cladding and laser welding. As a critical factor in determining the remanufacturing quality, residual stress of different laser-remanufactured parts was analysed by numerical methods based on deactivating and reactivating element theory, as well as experimental methods such as X-ray diffraction and hole drilling measurements. The distributions and evolution law of residual stress during multipass laser welding of 7A52 high-strength aluminium alloy, and the effects of forming strategy, heat input and solid-state phase transition on residual stress in the laser cladding forming layers of QT 500 cast iron and FV520B high strength steel, were emphatically studied. The simulation results of residual stress fit well with the experimental results, indicating that both residual stress and its accumulation phenomenon would occur during the laser welding and laser cladding forming, and were affected by factors such as welding pass, heat input and phase transition. It is feasible to control residual stress by using cross path forming strategy, less heat input and alloying power materials with low martensite transition point (Ms).