A well-known technique, electrochemical noise analysis (ENA), measures the potential fluctuations produced by kinetic variations along the electrochemical corrosion process. This practice requires the application of diverse signal processing methods. Therefore, in order to propose and evaluate new methodologies, it is absolutely necessary to simulate signals by computer data generation using different algorithms. In the first approach, data were simulated by superimposing Gaussian noise to nontrivial trend lines. Then, several methods were assessed by using this set of computer-simulated data. These results indicate that a new methodology based on medians of moving intervals and cubic splines interpolation show the best performance. Nevertheless, relative errors are acceptable for the trend but not for noise. In the second approach, we used artificial intelligence for trend removal, combining an interval signal processing with backpropagation neural networks. Finally, a non-Gaussian noise function that simulates non-stationary pits was proposed and all detrending methods were re-evaluated, resulting that when increasing difference between trend and noise, the accuracy of the artificial neural networks (ANNs) was reduced. In addition, when polynomial fitting, moving average removal (MAR) and moving median removal (MMR) were evaluated, MMR yielded best results, though it is not a definitive solution.
Part of the book: Recent Trends in Computational Science and Engineering