With an increasing global incidence of hip fractures, designing appropriate treatment strategies for hip fractures is fundamentally important to healthcare professionals, policymakers, and payers of healthcare services. We will evaluate the role of total hip replacement (THR) in the setting of trauma for the acute treatment of hip fractures. In this chapter, we will compare hemiarthroplasty and total hip replacement in the acute setting while also examining the role of arthroplasty in the setting of failed internal fixation, as well as in pathologic fractures. We will describe the pearls and pitfalls of surgical technique in these scenarios, highlighted with case examples.
Part of the book: Total Hip Replacement
Primary total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA, TKA) are among the most common procedures performed in the United States. The volume of revision TKAs and THAs are also exponentially rising each year. Paramount to the success of total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is the correct choice of biomaterials which are used to reconstruct a particular joint. This chapter explores the history of common arthroplasty biomaterials, their biomechanical properties and current applications. This chapter also discusses modern strategies of improving biomaterial mechanical properties, survivability and sterilisation methods. The contents of this chapter will form an essential resource for practicing orthopaedic surgeons, orthopaedic trainees, researchers and engineers interested in tribology and biomechanics of biomaterials in adult reconstruction.
Part of the book: Arthroplasty