University of California Los AngelesUnited States of America
Machine learning is widely used in many modern artificial intelligence applications. Various hardware platforms are implemented to support such applications. Among them, graphics processing unit (GPU) is the most widely used one due to its fast computation speed and compatibility with various algorithms. Field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) show better energy efficiency compared with GPU when computing machine learning algorithm at the cost of low speed. Finally, various application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) architecture is proposed to achieve the best energy efficiency at the cost of less reconfigurability which makes it suitable for special kinds of machine learning algorithms such as a deep convolutional neural network. Finally, analog computing shows a promising methodology to compute large-sized machine learning algorithm due to its low design cost and fast computing speed; however, due to the requirement of the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) in the analog computing, this kind of technique is only applicable to low computation resolution, making it unsuitable for most artificial intelligence (AI) applications.
Part of the book: Machine Learning