Ramasamy Marappa Gounder

Universiti Teknologi Petronas

Dr. M. Ramasamy is currently an Associate Professor at the Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP). He has been in teaching and research for more than 30 years. He is specialized in Process Simulation, Optimization and Control and his current research interests include Advanced Process Control, Heat Exchanger Fouling, Energy Management in Oil and Gas Industries. He has supervised 6 Ph.D. and 5 M.Sc. students so far. He has also published several research articles, two book chapters and a book and delivered several invited lectures and short courses. He obtained his B.Tech. from Madras University, India, M.Tech., from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur and his PhD from Indian Institute of Technology, Madras.

Ramasamy Marappa Gounder

1books edited

2chapters authored

Latest work with IntechOpen by Ramasamy Marappa Gounder

Unconventional heavy crude oils are replacing the conventional light crude oils slowly but steadily as a major energy source. Heavy crude oils are cheaper and present an opportunity to the refiners to process them with higher profit margins. However, the unfavourable characteristics of heavy crude oils such as high viscosity, low API gravity, low H/C ratio, chemical complexity with high asphaltenes content, high acidity, high sulfur and increased level of metal and heteroatom impurities impede extraction, pumping, transportation and processing. Very poor mobility of the heavy oils, due to very high viscosities, significantly affects production and transportation. Techniques for viscosity reduction, drag reduction and in-situ upgrading of the crude oil to improve the flow characteristics in pipelines are presented in this book. The heavier and complex molecules of asphaltenes with low H/C ratios present many technological challenges during the refining of the crude oil, such as heavy coking on catalysts. Hydrogen addition and carbon removal are the two approaches used to improve the recovery of value-added products such as gasoline and diesel. In addition, the heavy crude oil needs pre-treatment to remove the high levels of impurities before the crude oil can be refined. This book introduces the major challenges and some of the methods to overcome them.

Go to the book