Wood-based panels containing urea formaldehyde (UF) resin will be focused on to make clear the influence of UF resin on pyrolysis products and transformation mechanism during pyrolysis of waste wood composites. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) will be used to study the thermal degradation reaction kinetics according to different heating rate. Thermogravimetric analyzer coupled to a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer analysis (TGA‐FTIR), X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GCMS) will be used to study the gas, solid, liquid products, respectively. Results from TG and differential thermogravimetric analysis (DTG) indicate that UF resin at first accelerated the degradation rate however inhibited the degradation of wooden composites over the whole pyrolysis process. Compared with wood, UF resin had an obvious effect on the release of HNCO and NH3. Mass loss of hydrogen is significantly inhibited by UF resin and nitrogen is much stable in the char with structure of the pyridine and pyrrole at relative content of 6.65% and 7.45% respectively. Influence of UF resin on pyrolysis liquids of wooden composites is mainly on nitrogen compounds and ketones rather than aldehydes and esters, which is probably due to the chemical reactions of UF resin with lignin constituent in wood.
Part of the book: Pyrolysis