Ecological brazing rods (cadmium free) represent a technical solution particularly useful for joining metallic or non-metallic components, providing the required mechanical and functional characteristics obtained in reproducible manufacturing conditions and at reasonable costs. The new class of coated rods for brazing must provide high deposition efficiency, chemical compatibility in relation to a number of metals and alloys currently used in industry and high corrosion resistance in different media. Such diverse characteristics can be obtained by achieving a special coating that contains a mixture of materials having a role of chemical activation and catalyst effects, as well as contributing to increasing the adherence to unmolten interfaces. This chapter presents some results obtained by using experimental brazing filler materials for different types of materials and applications. There are briefly highlighted some aspects on the diffusion effects of chemical elements in the soldering interface, the bonding of ceramics and some issues related to the effects of chemical elements from the brazing material.
Part of the book: Soldering Materials