Metrological properties of voltammetric electrodes, in the situation where on their surface an electrochemical reaction of oxidizing/reduction takes place, were analyzed in this chapter. The properties of electrodes on which a reaction controlled by ion transport process takes place were taken into consideration. Also, it was analyzed how the electrode’s shape and the voltage polarizing the electrode influence this electrode’s metrological properties. The result of the analysis conducted is that in case of a reaction controlled by charge exchange process, such a voltammetric electrode functions like a converter type 0. Its metrological properties in the time domain are defined solely by sensitivity. However, if on the surface of the electrode there is a reaction controlled by ion transport process, the electrode will function like a converter type I. Its metrological properties in the time domain are defined by the sensitivity and time constant. Numeric simulations were conducted in order to determine the influence of the electrode’s shape and the polarizing voltage on metrological properties of the electrode. The results show that both the sensitivity and the time constant of the electrode can be influenced by choice of an electrode’s shape and the shape of the polarizing voltage.
Part of the book: Applications of the Voltammetry