The high penetration of photovoltaic (PV) systems led to their growing impact on the planning and operation of actual distribution systems. However, the uncertainties due to the intermittent nature of solar energy complicate these tasks. Therefore, high-quality methods for forecasting the PV power are now essential, and many tools have been developed in order to provide useful and consistent forecasts. This chapter deals with probabilistic forecasting methods of PV system power, since they have recently drawn the attention of researchers as appropriate tools to cope with the unavoidable uncertainties of solar source. A new multi-model probabilistic ensemble is proposed; it properly combines a Bayesian-based and a quantile regression-based probabilistic method as individual predictors. Numerical applications based on actual irradiance data give evidence of the probabilistic performances of the proposed method in terms of both sharpness and calibration.
Part of the book: Sustainable Energy