Nano‐graphene, which is entirely composed of aromatic carbon atoms is relatively a new material, with two dimensional periodic structures and possess amazingly interesting chemical and mechanical properties. Graphene and graphene oxide (GO) materials have been explored widely as supports due to their tunable electrical properties and high surface area as well as different functional groups. The covalent modification of surface oxygen of carbon based materials, like graphene oxide and nano graphene oxide (NGO) with organo amine and other functional groups is very opt for various applications. Covalent immobilization of various organic functional moieties and metal modified organo functionalized species on nano‐graphene oxide surface enables a robust immobilization of the reactive catalytic sites through strong binding on the support surfaces. Such materials prevent the leaching of active metals and improve their recyclability, when used as catalysts in solution phase. As the stability of metal depends also on the functionalization of the NGO support, metal modified/ covalently functionalized nano‐graphene oxide materials are widely used in fine chemical synthesis. The functional group of NGO also prevents the aggregation of the catalytically active metal species during the reaction time. Both amine functionalized and metal (Pd) modified amine functionalized nano graphene oxide exhibit excellent activity towards fine chemical synthesis, such as with multicomponent reactions, oxidation reactions and C‐C coupling reactions.
Part of the book: Functionalized Nanomaterials