Dental implant surface modifications affect surface roughness, chemistry, topography, and consequently influence biological bone response. Current surface treatments are directed toward increased hydrophilicity and wettability of dental surfaces that allow earlier implant loading due to accelerated osseointegration. This is clinically reflected in increased implant stability and mainteined crestal bone level. Further modification includes microgrooving of zirconia implants by femtosecond laser ablation. Favorable initial results encourage further clinical assessment of this microgrooved zirconia implants.
Part of the book: Dental Implantology and Biomaterial