Actinobacteria produce diverse and huge amounts of enzymes that are widely used in different industrial purposes. Specific properties of enzymes allow to run the reactions under milder conditions with improved yield and reduced wastes. Further redesign for natural enzymes is very essential because they are often not suitable for biocatalytic processes. Recently, new microbial natural and creating enzymes are discovered synchronous with the late advanced technologies of genomics, metagenomics, proteomics, efficient expression systems and emerging recombinant DNA. The ongoing development of enzyme biotechnology aids in the improvement of the industrial biocatalysis field. Thermophilic actinobacteria produce thermostable enzymes that are widely used in industrial processes. In contrast, psychrophilic actinobacteria grow well at low temperatures and subsequently their enzymes are more effective at low temperatures. The advanced DNA sequencing technique allows determining and identifying the sequences and functions of all the genes that synthesize proteins that are widely use in the industry. Recombinant strains can be obtained by using certain biotechnological tools to potentially increase enzymes production on a large scale. The ongoing development in this field will lead to the improvement of different industrial purposes such as food, chemicals, textiles, leather, pharmaceuticals, and so on.
Part of the book: Actinobacteria