Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is an analytical detection technique based on atomic emission spectroscopy to measure elemental composition. With the development of lasers and detection systems, applications of LIBS encompass a broad range, including physics, engineering, space missions, environment, etc. due to the unique features of little or no sample preparation, noncontact, fast response, and multielemental analysis. The fundamental and application have been extensively studied to improve LIBS technique. This chapter largely targets the engineering fields, especially practical applications. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy will be discussed in this chapter including its fundamentals, industrial applications, and challenges.
Part of the book: Plasma Science and Technology
Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) utilizes the absorption phenomena to measure the temperature and species concentration. The main features of the TDLAS technique are its fast response and high sensitivity. Extensive research has been performed on the utilization of diode laser absorption spectroscopy for the system monitoring and its control. The TDLAS technique gives self-calibrations to reduce the noise such as particles and dusts because the laser wavelength is rapidly modulated at kHz rates. In addition, two dimensional (2D) temperature and concentration distributions can be obtained by combining computed tomography (CT) with TDLAS. The TDLAS applications have been extensively studied with great progress. This chapter largely focuses on the engineering fields, especially the practical industrial applications.
Part of the book: Temperature Sensing