Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Volcanoes

Geological and Geophysical Setting, Theoretical Aspects and Numerical Modeling, Applications to Industry and Their Impact on the Human Health

Edited by Gemma Aiello

Institute of Marine Sciences - National Research Council ISMAR-CNR

This book contains 12 chapters dealing with the studies on volcanoes, their geological and geophysical setting, the theoretical aspects and the numerical modeling on volcanoes, the applications of volcanoes to the industry, and the impact of volcanoes on the human health, in different geological settings and using several techniques and methods, including the volcanology, the seismology, the statistical methods to assess the correlation between seismic and volcanic activity (modified Ripley's K-function to regional seismicity), the field geological survey of volcanic successions, the analytical methods of petrologic analysis, the petrography of the volcanic rocks with the individuation of the modal compositions of volcanic rocks and their comparison with major elements and trace elements in variation diagrams, and the argon isotopic measurements performed through the peak height comparison (unspiked) method. The oceanographic methods have also been applied to case studies of submarine volcanic edifices located in the Canary Islands (Atlantic Ocean), including the sampling of the water column with a conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) sensor rosette with 24 Niskin bottles, in order to determinate key physical and chemical parameters, such as the total-scale pH, the total dissolved inorganic carbon (C), the total alkalinity (A), the temperature, the salinity, and the dissolved oxygen. Problems of volcanic risk mitigation have also been treated, regarding the eruption disasters in Indonesia, a country where a high number of people live next to the volcanoes, and characterized by the lack of public awareness of the eruption disasters. Petrographic methods have been successfully applied to the study of the Cretaceous magmatism of the layered gabbroids of the Chukotka region (Pekulney Ridge, Russia), and geodynamic implications have been successfully established through geological and petrographic studies. The relationships among the mantle wedge, the convective heat and mass transfer, the infiltration metasomatism, the zoning, and the mathematical models have been applied to the comprehension of complex volcanic areas through the theoretical aspects of volcanic studies on magmatic chambers coupled with numerical modeling, including finite element models (FEMs) in the individuation of volcanic deformations.

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VolcanoesGeological and Geophysical Setting, Theoretical Aspects and Numerical Modeling, Applications to Industry and Their Impact on the Human HealthEdited by Gemma Aiello

Published: July 18th 2018

DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68230

ISBN: 978-1-78923-349-0

Print ISBN: 978-1-78923-348-3

Copyright year: 2018

Books open for chapter submissions

2716 Total Chapter Downloads

3 Crossref Citations

4 Dimensions Citations

chaptersDownloads

Open access peer-reviewed

1. Introductory Chapter: Volcanoes - From Their Geological and Geophysical Setting to Their Impact on Human Health

By Gemma Aiello

207

Open access peer-reviewed

2. Correlation between Seismic and Volcanic Activity at a Large Spatial Scale in Italy: Examples from the Neapolitan Volcanic District (Vesuvius Volcano, Southern Italy)

By Pier Luigi Bragato

190

Open access peer-reviewed

3. Exploring the Base of the Volcano: A Case Study of an Active Stratovolcano, Mt. Zao, NE Japan

By Shin Sato, Masao Ban, Teruki Oikawa, Seiko Yamasaki and Yuki NIshi

201

Open access peer-reviewed

4. The Emissions of the Tagoro Submarine Volcano (Canary Islands, Atlantic Ocean): Effects on the Physical and Chemical Properties of the Seawater

By Juana Magdalena Santana-Casiano, Melchor González-Dávila and Eugenio Fraile-Nuez

188

Open access peer-reviewed

5. The Characteristics of Volcanic Eruption in Indonesia

By Eko Hariyono and Liliasari S

454

Open access peer-reviewed

6. Layered Gabbroids of the Pekulney Ridge, Chukotka, Northeastern Russia: Geology, Petrography, Age, and Geodynamics

By Irina L’vovna Zhulanova

157

Open access peer-reviewed

7. Dynamics of Convective Heat and Mass Transfer in Permeable Parts of Seismofocal Zones of the Kamchatka Region and Conjugated Volcanic Arcs

By Yury Perepechko, Victor Sharapov, Konstantin Sorokin and Anna Mikheeva

176

Open access peer-reviewed

8. Finite Element Models of Elastic Volcano Deformation

By Timothy Masterlark and Sui Tung

193

Open access peer-reviewed

9. Mechanics of Magma Chamber with the Implication of the Effect of CO2 Fluxing

By Simakin Alexander G. and Ghassemi Ahmad

202

Open access peer-reviewed

10. Volcanic Scoria as Cement Replacement

By Aref M. al-Swaidani

249

Open access peer-reviewed

11. Volcanic Glass and its Uses as Adsorbent

By Juan Antonio Cecilia, Miguel Armando Autie-Pérez, Juan Manuel Labadie-Suarez, Enrique Rodríguez Castellón and Antonia Infantes Molina

246

Open access peer-reviewed

12. Health Impact of Volcanic Emissions

By Martha Patricia Sierra-Vargas, Claudia Vargas-Domínguez, Karen Bobadilla-Lozoya and Octavio Gamaliel Aztatzi-Aguilar

253

Edited Volume and chapters are indexed in

  • Worldcat
  • OpenAIRE
  • Google Scholar
  • AZ ebsco
  • Base
  • CNKI
  • IET Inspec

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