About the book
Cement is the basis of the building- and construction industry and of fundamental importance for many civil engineering applications; therefore, the cement industry is globally among the strategic key industries necessary for sustainable development of human society in our current era and the subsequent decades. Despite this undisputed importance of cement industry, it constitutes one of those industrial branches predominately responsible for high energy consumption and excessive generation of large amounts of carbon dioxide and other precarious contaminants, which significantly endangers human health, the environment, and, last, but not least, contributes to the currently prevailing issue of global warming. Hence, it is necessary to reduce the use of cement by combining it with other materials; this approach, on the one hand, helps to overcome the drawbacks of the original material, and, on the other hand, to improve its chemical, physical and mechanical properties. In this context, nanomaterials, polymeric materials, and natural additives were used for cement enhancement in various applications such as building industry and stabilization of hazardous waste.
Extensive studies have been reported to improve various unpleasant characteristics of cement-based composites, aiming at efficient utilization of these novel materials, especially in the case of solidification/stabilization of hazardous waste. This book shows how cement, one of the key materials for sustainable economic and environmental development in different global regions, can be purposefully modified and implemented. It is shown that smart and sustainable methods are needed to make such innovative processes economical, while at the same time maximizing environmental and human health benefits.